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Table 1 Studies used in meta-analysis

From: Interactive effects of multiple climate change variables on trophic interactions: a meta-analysis

Source Habitat type Length of study (days) Number of trophic levels Climate variables manipulated
Temp CO2 Rain O3 Photo UV
[24] Freshwater 50 Food web X   X    
[25] Freshwater 4 Food web X      X
[26] Freshwater 50 2 X      X
[27] Marine 36 Food web X X     
[28] Marine 35 2 X X     
[29] Marine 11 2 X X     
[30] Marine 14 2 X X     
[31] Marine 42 2 X   X    
[32] Terrestrial 1461 3 X X     
[33] Terrestrial 120 3 X X     
[34] Terrestrial 70 2 X X     
[35] Terrestrial 42 2 X X     
[36] Terrestrial 56 2 X X     
[37] Terrestrial 63 2 X X     
[38] Terrestrial 100 2 X X     
[39] Terrestrial 100 2 X X     
[40] Terrestrial 6 2 X X     
[41] Terrestrial 15 Food web X X X    
[42] Terrestrial 692 Food web X X X    
[43] Terrestrial 35 2 X X X    
[44] Terrestrial 1460 Food web   X X    
[45] Terrestrial Unknown 2   X X    
[46] Terrestrial 46 2   X X    
[47] Terrestrial 60 3   X   X   
[48] Terrestrial 78 3   X   X   
[49] Terrestrial 62 2   X   X   
[50] Terrestrial 45 2   X   X   
[51] Terrestrial 55 2   X   X   
[52] Terrestrial 45 2   X   X   
[53] Terrestrial 21 2   X   X   
[54] Terrestrial 7 2   X   X   
[55] Terrestrial 1096 2   X   X   
[56] Terrestrial 45 2   X   X   
[57] Terrestrial 1 3 X     X  
  1. “Food web” indicates that multiple species at each of two or more trophic levels were studied. “X” indicates that a climate variable was manipulated in the particular study. All studies are experimental except [33] which is a modeling study.
  2. “Temp”= temperature, “Photo”= photoperiod, and “UV”= ultraviolet radiation.