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Table 2 Examples of application of genomic approaches to conservation and revegetation of some Australian trees and shrubs

From: A framework for incorporating evolutionary genomics into biodiversity conservation and management

Species Who Current status Genetic/genomics studies Actions
Grey box (Eucalyptus microcarpa) The University of Melbourne, CSIRO Part of threatened vegetation community Landscape genomics, including effects of fragmentation, and gene trait association 1) Identification of adaptive variation can be applied to guide selection of climatically adapted material based on projected changes to niche envelopes
Yellow box (Eucalyptus melliodora) Australian National University, CSIRO, Department of Parks and Wildlife Part of threatened vegetation community Landscape genomics and gene trait association
River red gum (Eucalyptus camaldulensis) CSIRO Not currently threatened, but at risk due to river regulation Landscape genomics, landscape transcriptomics and gene trait association [203] 2) Monitor standing diversity in selections to maintain adaptive potential
Ironbox (Eucalyptus tricarpa) Department of Parks and Wildlife, CSIRO, Edith Cowan University, University of Tasmania Important species in fragmented communities of south-eastern Australia Landscape genomics and functional trait assessment across climate gradient [202,204] 3) Guide selections with respect to neutral population structure and gene flow
York gum (Eucalyptus loxophleba) Department of Parks and Wildlife, CSIRO, Edith Cowan University, Australian National University Important species in fragmented communities of south-western WA (SWWA) Landscape genomics and functional trait assessment across climate gradient 4) Screen existing plantings—locally sourced—to assess their resilience based on the above criteria
Gimlet (Eucalyptus salubris) Department of Parks and Wildlife, CSIRO, Edith Cowan University, Australian National University Dominant species in Great Western Woodlands of SWWA Landscape genomics and functional trait assessment across climate gradient [205]  
Jarrah (Eucalyptus marginata) Department of Parks and Wildlife, Australian National University, CSIRO Dominant species in jarrah forest system in SWWA Landscape genomics and functional trait assessment across climate gradient  
Marri (Corymbia calophylla) Department of Parks and Wildlife, University of Western Sydney Major co-dominant species in forest and woodlands in SWWA Landscape genomics and functional trait assessment across climate gradient  
Swamp peppermint (Taxandria linearifolia) Department of Parks and Wildlife, Warren Catchment Council Patchy distribution in riparian vegetation along river systems in SWWA Landscape genomics across river catchment and climate gradient  
Native willow (Callistachus lanceolata) Department of Parks and Wildlife, Warren Catchment Council Patchy distribution in riparian vegetation along river systems in SWWA Landscape genomics across river catchment and climate gradient  
River-bank Astartea (Astartea leptophylla) Department of Parks and Wildlife, Warren Catchment Council Patchy distribution in riparian vegetation along river systems in SWWA Landscape genomics across river catchment and climate gradient  
Waratah (Telopea speciosissima) University of Western Sydney, The Royal Botanic Gardens, Sydney Patchy distribution along an environmental gradient from coastal area to inland areas Common garden experiments, landscape genomics across climate gradients [206]