Distributions of species of conservation concern in the Arctic, overlain by maps of projected local temperature change under IPCC Scenario A2 (A, B), and maps of probability of disappearance of existing local climatic conditions from ref.  under the same scenario (C, D), by the year 2100. Marine and coastal species ranges indicated in panel (A) include the walrus (red), beluga whale (yellow), narwhal (purple), ivory gull (light blue), and polar bear (white). Distributions of two terrestrial species, arctic fox and caribou, are indicated by gray shading in panels (C) and (D). Current IUCN protected areas in category I or II, and in category V or VI, are shaded green and red, respectively. Maps produced in part using Google Earth.