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Fig. 3 | Climate Change Responses

Fig. 3

From: Microrefuges and the occurrence of thermal specialists: implications for wildlife persistence amidst changing temperatures

Fig. 3

Observed microrefuge temperatures at occupied and unoccupied sites (warmest 7-day period of the study). Mean differences between surface and subsurface temperatures at sites that were occupied (dashed, blue line) and unoccupied (brown, solid line) by American Pika (Ochotona princeps) in the central Rocky Mountains during the warmest 7-day period of the study (22 July – 29 July). Positive values indicate that the subsurface environment was cooler than surface conditions; negative values that the subsurface environment was warmer. Peaks correspond to the warmest period of the day; troughs to the coolest. The shaded ribbons reflect bootstrapped, 95 % confidence intervals (1000 model iterations)

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