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Table 1 A summary of caching behaviour of 203 vertebrates (adopted and updated from [164]). Caching behaviour includes duration of food storage, the perishability and type of food cached, and the location where food is stored are included within the table. In many cases, information on each of these three categories represent a ‘best estimate’, as much of the literature consists of anecdotal reports or natural history observations. All species were assigned a susceptibility score from 1-9 based on variation in two major aspects of caching behaviour: duration and food perishability (see text for details). Susceptibility to climate change was predicted to be lowest for short-term cachers of low perishable food item (1) and highest for long-term cachers of perishable food items (9). More research is needed to understand how location of storage may influence degradation of cached food and was, therefore, not included in the susceptibility score

From: Food storage in a changing world: implications of climate change for food-caching species

Species Duration Perishability Food cached Placement Susceptibility
Jackdaw S Low E, N, Mi, SM Arboreal Cavity 1
Corvus monedula
Red tree vole S Low WV Arboreal Cavity 1
Arborimus longicaudus
Black-capped chickadee S Low I, N, S Arboreal Surface 1
Parus atricapillus
Boreal chickadee S Low N, S Arboreal Surface 1
Parus hudsonicus
Brown-headed nuthatch S Low I, S Arboreal Surface 1
Sitta pusilla
Coal tit S Low I Arboreal Surface 1
Parus ater
Eurasian nuthatch S Low N, S Arboreal Surface 1
Sitta europaea
Marsh tit S Low S Arboreal Surface 1
Parus palustris
Pygmy nuthatch S Low I, S Arboreal Surface 1
Sitta pygmaea
Red-breasted nuthatch S Low N, S Arboreal Surface 1
Sitta canadensis
Siberian tit S Low S Arboreal Surface 1
Parus cinctus
Tufted titmouse S Low N, S Arboreal Surface 1
Parus bicolor
White-breasted nuthatch S Low N, S Arboreal Surface 1
Sitta carolinensis
Large Japanese field mouse S Low N, S Subterranean Ground 1
Apodemus speciosus
Mexican spiny pocket mouse S Low S Subterranean Ground 1
Liomys irroratus
Small Japanese field mouse S Low N, S Subterranean Ground 1
Apodemus argenteus
Wood mouse S Low N, S Subterranean Ground 1
Apodemus sylvaticus
Yellow-necked mouse S Low N, S Subterranean Ground 1
Apodemus flavicollis
Fish crow S Mixed Mi Arboreal Surface 2
Corvus ossifragus
African striped weasel S High Ca, SM Arboreal Cavity 3
Poecilogale albinucha
Barn owl S High SM Arboreal Cavity 3
Tyto alba
Elf owl S High I Arboreal Cavity 3
Micrathene whitneyi
Schreech owl S High SM Arboreal Cavity 3
Otus asio
American kestrel S High Bi, Re, SM Arboreal Surface 3
Falco sparverius
Barred owl S High SM Arboreal Surface 3
Strix varia
Bat falcon S High Ba, Bi Arboreal Surface 3
Falco rufigulais
Boreal owl S High SM Arboreal Surface 3
Aegolius funereus
Broad-winged hawk S High Bi Arboreal Surface 3
Buteo platypterus
Buzzard S High SM Arboreal Surface 3
Buteo buteo
Crowned eagle S High MM Arboreal Surface 3
Stephanoaetus coronatus
Eagle owl S High Bi Arboreal Surface 3
Bubo bubo
Eleonora's falcon S High Bi Arboreal Surface 3
Falco eleonarae
Eurasian pygmy owl S High Bi, SM Arboreal Surface 3
Glaucidium passerinum
European kestrel S High SM Arboreal Surface 3
Falco tinnunculus
Goshawk S High Bi, SM Arboreal Surface 3
Accipiter gentilis
Great horned owl S High SM, MM Arboreal Surface 3
Bubo virginianus
Leopard S High LM, MM Arboreal Surface 3
Panthera pardus
Little owl S High Bi, SM Arboreal Surface 3
Athene noctua
Merlin S High Bi, SM Arboreal Surface 3
Falco columbarius
New Zealand falcon S High Bi Arboreal Surface 3
Falco novaehollandiae
Northern hawk owl S High SM Arboreal Surface 3
Surnia ulula
Northern pygmy owl S High SM Arboreal Surface 3
Glaucidium gnoma
Northern shrike S High Bi, SM Arboreal Surface 3
Lanius excubitor
Orange-breasted falcon S High Ba Arboreal Surface 3
Falco deiroleucus
Peregrine falcon S High Bi Arboreal Surface 3
Falco peregrinus
Prairie falcon S High Bi Arboreal Surface 3
Falco mexicanus
Prevost's squirrel S High Fr Arboreal Surface 3
Callosciurus prevosti
Saw-whet owl S High SM Arboreal Surface 3
Aegolius acadicus
South island robin S High I Arboreal Surface 3
Petroica australis
Sparrowhawk S High Bi, SM Arboreal Surface 3
Accipiter nisus
Tawny owl S High SM Arboreal Surface 3
Strix aluco
African wild dog S High LM, MM Ground Surface 3
Lycaon pictus
Barbados green monkey S High Fr Ground Surface 3
Cercopithecus aethiops
Black bear S High Ca, MM, SM Ground Surface 3
Ursus americanus
Black-backed jackal S High LM, SM, MM Ground Surface 3
Canis mesomelus
Black-billed magpie S High Ca, E, N, Mi Ground Surface 3
Pica pica
Bobcat S High MM, SM Ground Surface 3
Lynx rufus
Brown bear S High Ca, LM, MM Ground Surface 3
Ursus arctos
Canadian lynx S High MM, SM Ground Surface 3
Lynx canadensis
Carrion crow S High Ca Ground Surface 3
Corvus corone
Common crow S High A, E, Fi, N, SM Ground Surface 3
Corvus brachyrhynchos
Common raven S High Ca, E, Mi, SM Ground Surface 3
Corvus corax
Coyote S High LM, SM, MM Ground Surface 3
Canis latrans
European lynx S High MM, SM Ground Surface 3
Lynx lynx
Fennec fox S High E, MM, SM Ground Surface 3
Vulpes zerda
Fisher S High Bi, MM, SM Ground Surface 3
Martes pennanti
Golden jackal S High LM, SM, MM Ground Surface 3
Canis aureus
Lion S High LM, MM Ground Surface 3
Panthera leo
MacGregor's bowerbird S High Fr Ground Surface 3
Amblyornis macgregoriae
Mink S High Bi, MM, SM Ground Surface 3
Mustela vison
Mountain lion S High LM, MM Ground Surface 3
Felis concolor
Northwestern crow S High Fi, I Ground Surface 3
Corvus caurinus
Pine marten S High Bi, Ca, MM, SM Ground Surface 3
Martes martes
Polar bear S High LM, MM Ground Surface 3
Ursus maritimus
Snowy owl S High MM, SM Ground Surface 3
Nyctea scandiaca
Tiger S High LM, MM Ground Surface 3
Panthera tigris
Wolf S High LM, SM, MM Ground Surface 3
Canis lupus
Arctic shrew S High I Subterranean Ground 3
Sorex arcticus
Badger S High Ca, MM, SM Subterranean Ground 3
Taxidea taxus
Burrowing owl S High I, R Subterranean Ground 3
Athene cunicularia
European mole S High I Subterranean Ground 3
Talpa europaea
Least weasel S High SM Subterranean Ground 3
Mustela nivalis
Long-tailed weasel S High SM Subterranean Ground 3
Mustela frenata
Masked shrew S High I Subterranean Ground 3
Sorex cinereus
Mole-rat S High B, V Subterranean Ground 3
Spalax leucodon
Pygmy shrew S High I Subterranean Ground 3
Microsorex hoyi
Short-tailed weasel S High SM Subterranean Ground 3
Mustela erminea
Siberian mole S High I Subterranean Ground 3
Talpa altaica
Water shrew S High A, I, SM Subterranean Ground 3
Sorex palustris
Spotted hyena S High LM, MM Water 3
Crocuta crocuta
Heather vole Mixed Low WV Arboreal Surface 4
Phenacomys intermedius
Eastern gray squirrel Mixed Low N, S, Mi Ground Surface 4
Sciurus carolinensis
Eurasian red squirrel Mixed Low Co, N, S Ground Surface 4
Scirus vulgaris
Fox squirrel Mixed Low N, S Ground Surface 4
Sciurus niger
Great basin pocket mouse Mixed Low S Ground Surface 4
Perognathus parvus
Hispid pocket mouse Mixed Low S Ground Surface 4
Perognathus hispidus
Japanese squirrel Mixed Low Co Ground Surface 4
Sciurus lis
Little pocket mouse Mixed Low S Ground Surface 4
Perognathus longimembris
Long-tailed pocket mouse Mixed Low S Ground Surface 4
Perognathus formusus
Plains pocket mouse Mixed Low S Ground Surface 4
Perognathus flavescens
Red-tailed squirrel Mixed Low N Ground Surface 4
Sciurus granatensis
Rock pocket mouse Mixed Low S Ground Surface 4
Perognathus intermedius
Tassel-eared squirrel Mixed Low N, S, Mu Ground Surface/Arboreal Surface 4
Sciurus aberti
Alaska ground squirrel Mixed Low S, V Subterranean Ground 4
Spermophilus undulatus
Arctic ground squirrel Mixed Low S, V Subterranean Ground 4
Spermophilus parryii
Botta's pocket gopher Mixed Low S Subterranean Ground 4
Thomomys bottae
Djungarian hamster Mixed Low N, S Subterranean Ground 4
Phodopus sungorus
Golden-mantled ground squirrel Mixed Low N, S Subterranean Ground 4
Spermophilus lateralis
Lesser bandicoot rat Mixed Low N, S, T Subterranean Ground 4
Bandicota bengalensis
Mountain pocket gopher Mixed Low V Subterranean Ground 4
Thomomys monticola
Muskrat Mixed Low B, R, T, V Subterranean Ground 4
Ondatra zibethicus
Northern pocket gopher Mixed Low R, T Subterranean Ground 4
Thomomys talpoides
Pouched mouse Mixed Low N, S Subterranean Ground 4
Saccostomus campestris
Richardson ground squirrel Mixed Low S, V Subterranean Ground 4
Spermophilus richardsonii
Rock squirrel Mixed Low N, S Subterranean Ground 4
Spermophilus variegatus
Syrian golden hamster Mixed Low S, R, T Subterranean Ground 4
Mesocricetus auratus
Thirteen-lined ground squirrel Mixed Low S, V Subterranean Ground 4
Spermophilus tridecemlineatus
Desert woodrat Mixed Mixed V Ground Surface 5
Neotoma lepida
Eastern woodrat Mixed Mixed V Ground Surface 5
Neotoma floridana
White-throated woodrat Mixed Mixed V Ground Surface 5
Neotoma albigula
Bushy-tailed woodrat Mixed Mixed V Subterranean Ground 5
Neotoma cinerea
Mexican woodrat Mixed Mixed S, V Subterranean Ground 5
Neotoma mexicana
Mountain beaver Mixed High V Subterranean Ground 6
Aplodontia rufa
Arctic fox Mixed High E, MM, SM Ground Surface 6
Alopex lagopus
Red fox Mixed High Bi, E, MM, SM Ground Surface 6
Vulpes vulpes
Short-tailed shrew Mixed High A, Fi, I, SM Subterranean Ground 6
Blarina brevicauda
Agouti L Low N, S Ground Surface 7
Dasyprocta punctata
Alipne chipmunk L Low N, S Ground Surface 7
Tamias alpinus
Blue jay L Low N, Mi, S Ground Surface 7
Cyanocitta cristata
Clark's nutcracker L Low S Ground Surface 7
Nucifraga columbiana
Cliff chipmunk L Low N, S Ground Surface 7
Tamias dorsalis
Eastern chipmunk L Low I, N, S Ground Surface 7
Tamias striatus
Eurasian jay L Low Co, N, S Ground Surface 7
Garrulus glandarius
Eurasian nutcracker L Low S Ground Surface 7
Nucifraga caryocatactes
Flat-headed vole L Low V Ground Surface 7
Alticola strelzowi
Green achouti L Low N, S Ground Surface 7
Myoprocta acouchi
Least chipmunk L Low N, S Ground Surface 7
Tamias minimus
Lodgepole pine chipmunk L Low N, S Ground Surface 7
Tamias speciosus
North American pika L Low V Ground Surface 7
Ochotona princeps
Pinyon jay L Low N, S Ground Surface 7
Gymnorhinus cyanocephlus
Red achouchi L Low N, S Ground Surface 7
Myoprocta exilis
Red-tailed chipmunk L Low N, S Ground Surface 7
Tamias ruficaudus
Western scrub jay L Low N, S Ground Surface 7
Aphelocoma coerulescens
Siberian chipmunk L Low N, S Ground Surface 7
Tamias sibiricus
Siberian pika L Low V Ground Surface 7
Ochotona alpina
Steller's jay L Low N, Mi, S Ground Surface 7
Cyanocitta stelleri
Yellow pine chipmunk L Low N, S Ground Surface 7
Tamias amoenus
Douglas’squirrel L Low Co, Mu, S Ground Surface/Arboreal Surface 7
Tamiasciurus douglasii
Red squirrel L Low Co, Mu, S Ground Surface/Arboreal Surface 7
Tamiascurus hudsonicus
African giant rat L Low N, S, T Subterranean Ground 7
Cricetomys gambianus
Alaska vole L Low V Subterranean Ground 7
Microtus miurus
Bank vole L High V (Lichen) Arboreal Cavity/Surface 7
Clethrionomys glareolus
Banner-tailed kangaroo rat L Low S Subterranean Ground 7
Dipodomys spectabilis
Black-bellied hamster L Low T, V Subterranean Ground 7
Cricetus cricetus
Brandt's vole L Low V, WV Subterranean Ground 7
Microtus brandti
California ground squirrel L Low S, V Subterranean Ground 7
Spermophilus beecheyi
Cape mole-rat L Low B, R, T Subterranean Ground 7
Georychus capensis
Cape dune mole-rat L Low T Subterranean Ground 7
Bathyergus suillus
Common mole-rat L Low B Subterranean Ground 7
Cryptomys hottentotus
Common vole L Low B Subterranean Ground 7
Microtus arvalis
Coruro L Low B, T Subterranean Ground 7
Spalacopus cyanus
Daurian pika L Low V Subterranean Ground 7
Ochotona daurica
Deer mouse L Low S Subterranean Ground 7
Peromyscus maniculatus
Desert kangaroo rat L Low S Subterranean Ground 7
Dipodomys deserti
Diurnal sand rat L Low S, V Subterranean Ground 7
Psammomys obesus
Edible doormouse L Low B, N, S Subterranean Ground 7
Myoxus glis
Forest dormouse L Low Co, S Subterranean Ground 7
Dryomys nitedula
Giant kangaroo rat L Low S Subterranean Ground 7
Dipodomys ingens
Great basin kangaroo rat L Low S Subterranean Ground 7
Dipodomys microps
Greater long-tailed hamster L Low V Subterranean Ground 7
Cricetulus triton
Hazel doormouse L Low Co, N, S Subterranean Ground 7
Muscardinus avellanarius
Heermann's kangaroo rat L Low S Subterranean Ground 7
Dipodomys heermanni
Indian gerbil L Low S, V Subterranean Ground 7
Tatera indica
Meadow vole L Low R Subterranean Ground 7
Microtus pennsylvanicus
Merriam's kangaroo rat L Low S Subterranean Ground 7
Dipodomys merriami
Mexican jay L Low N, S Ground Surface 7
Aphelocoma ultramarina
Mid-day gerbil L Low N, S, T, V Subterranean Ground 7
Meriones meridianus
Mole-rat L Low B, R, T, V Subterranean Ground 7
Spalax microphthalmus
Mole vole L Low B, T Subterranean Ground 7
Ellobius talpinus
Mountain pygmy possum L Low N, S Subterranean Ground 7
Burramys parvus
Namaqua gerbil L Low S Subterranean Ground 7
Desmodillus auricularis
Nothern grasshopper mouse L Low S Subterranean Ground 7
Onychomys leucogaster
Pale kangaroo mouse L Low S Subterranean Ground 7
Microdipodops pallidus
Pallas’ pika L Low V Subterranean Ground 7
Ochotona pallasi
Plains pocket gopher L Low B, T Subterranean Ground 7
Geomys bursarius
Prairie vole L Low S Subterranean Ground 7
Pitmys ochrogaster
Reddish-gray vole L Low V Subterranean Ground 7
Clethrionomys rufocanus
Rook L Low Co, N, S Ground Surface 7
Corvus frugilegus
Santa Cruz kangaroo rat L Low S Subterranean Ground 7
Dipodomys venustus
Social vole L Low B, R Subterranean Ground 7
Microtus socialis
Southeastern pocket gopher L Low B, T Subterranean Ground 7
Geomys pinetis
Spiny pocket mouse L Low Fr, N, S Subterranean Ground 7
Heteromys desmarestianus
Taiga vole L Low V Subterranean Ground 7
Microtus xanthognathus
Tamarisk gerbil L Low N, S, T, Subterranean Ground 7
Meriones tamariscinus
Tree mouse L Low S, N Subterranean Ground 7
Beamys major
White-footed mouse L Low N, S Subterranean Ground 7
Peromyscus leucopus
American beaver L Mixed V, WV Water 8
Castor canadensis
Dusky-footed woodrat L Mixed N, S, V Subterranean Ground 8
Neotoma fuscipes
Eurasian beaver L Mixed V, WV Water 8
Castor fiber
Bull-headed shrike L High Bi, I, SM Arboreal Surface 9
Lanius bucephalus
Gray jay L High Ca, Fr, I, Mi Arboreal Surface 9
Perisoreus canadensis
Siberian jay L High Ca, Fr, I Arboreal Surface 9
Perisoreus infaustus
Wolverine L High LM, MM Ground Surface 9
Gulo gulo
  1. Legend: A amphibian, B bulb, Ba bat, Bi bird, Ca carrion, Co cone, E eggs, Fi fish, Fr fruit, I invertebrates, LM large mammal, N nuts, Mi miscellaneous human foods, MM medium mammal, Mu mushroom, R roots, Re reptiles, S seeds, SM small mammal, T tuber, V vegetation, WV woody vegetation. Note that mammal classifications are based off of Vander Wall [164]